Most of the world’s rubber comes from Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Indonesia. These countries are all located in South-east Asia.
Brazil is believed to have provided the world with the first rubber tree, Hevea Brasiliensis, but Brazil no longer plays any significant part in the natural rubber trade. Seeds were exported from the lower Amazon area of Brazil to London UK by Henry Wickham, a local planter acting for the British Government in 1876. The seeds were germinated at the Tropical Herbarium in Kew Gardens, London later that year. From there seedlings were exported to Ceylon (Now Sri Lanka). In 1877, 22 seedlings were sent from Ceylon to Singapore, where they grew strongly, and the technique of rubber tapping was developed. This is the process of extracting the latex from the rubber tree. Basically, an incision is made into the tree and the product then flows out. It’s very similar to the process we use in Canada to extract the maple syrup from maple trees.
Prior to this, the trees had to be cut down before the latex could be extracted. As you can imagine the rubber tapping method is much more environmentally friendly.
By 1900, most of the techniques and agricultural practices required to establish large plantations had been developed. One key technique was bud grafting. This is essentially a cloning technique which ensures that genetically identical trees can be produced in unlimited numbers. The rubber industry often talks about high-yielding clones, or other types of clone; and this is the basis of that terminology.
Over the next 40 years or so, the British in Malaysia and the Dutch in Indonesia cleared large areas of the rainforest to create rubber plantations. Simultaneously, local farmers saw the opportunities of rubber cultivation, and planted small groves of trees to supplement their own income. This gives rise to two types of rubber plantations in most producing countries: the plantations and the smallholdings.
Smallholdings tend to produce solid rubber, while plantations are essentially large-scale farms, with professional management. Most latex comes from professionally managed plantations.
We hope this has explained where rubber comes from and how it’s extracted. This is the key component in our natural latex mattresses which is known as the core. The core is made up of natural latex which is extracted from rubber trees in an environmentally friendly manner. When looking for an organic mattress, consumers should be aware of how the organic mattress is formulated and what it exactly contains.
Unfortunately mattress manufacturers are not legally required to list what the mattress is made of (in terms of materials, toxins, chemicals, etc) so consumers have to do their own due diligence.
To assist our clients and to make their organic mattress shopping experience much more stress free and enjoyable we provide our clients with unparalleled knowledge. We explain each of our beds, how they are made and what they are made of. Our goal is provide our clients with a naturally better sleep and our product line speaks exactly that.
Browse our site to view some of our products or better yet, visit our showroom in Mississauga and lay down on our latex mattresses.